Cowley County Heritage Book


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Cowley County Heritage Book Page 161

(continued from page 160) moved with his parents to Oxford, Caldwell, Bluff City, Carney, Oklahoma and back to Oxford in 1800.

Rev. W. Eliphas Asberry Reeves, born 10-24-1857, came from Ohio to Missouri, met Lucina Kish her home near Topeka, Missouri, Atchison County. Michel and Isabelle Kish left Schleswig, Germany and came to America in 1847. They landed in New Orleans, LA, and came to St. Louis, Missouri, then in l848 moved to Atchison County,-Missouri near Linden, Nebraska, NE of Rockport, Missouri German settlement. Ran Blacksmith Shop at Rockport, Missouri. Home northeast of Rockport. Rev. Reeves and Lucina married Oct. 20,1881 in Missouri. They homesteaded west of Carney, OK, and both are buried in Carney Cemetery. Parents of Bertha Duncan. George Edward and Bertha Reeves, born 9-5-1885 were married 12-19-1905. Lived on a farm near Oxford, and in Oxford for a short time, then on a farm northwest of Atlanta and then moved to town of Atlanta in 1911. He got a hedge chip in right eye in 1907 and lost sight in it.

Operated a feed mill in Atlanta awhile then drilled water wells over a large area, then a bulk station wagon distributor for Standard Oil Company until he retired. To this union was born eight children, Hazel B. Duncan born 11-4-1906, office work and housewife, Ray E. Duncan born 10-18-1908, served in WWII and Texaco Oil Company until retired, Icel L. Duncan born 6-3-1911, office work and housewife, Wayne W. Duncan born 10-13-1915, served in WWII and Cudahy Packing Company until retired, Sheldon M. Duncan born 5-16-1918, served in WWII and Texaco 0il Company until retired, Frieda M. Duncan born 4-26-1921, beauty operator and housewife, Phyllis G. Duncan, Southwestern Bell Telephone and housewife, and Dale D. Duncan born 3-17-1929, served in Korean War, then Civil Service until he retired.

Parents did not have much opportunity to go to school themselves, but insisted all their children should go to school and all eight of them graduated from Atlanta High school.

George Edward Duncan passed away 2-4-1964 and Bertha Duncan passed away 2-4-1974, exactly ten years later. Both buried in Atlanta, Kansas Cemetery.

Submitted by Hazel B. Duncan Ward
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Mark Edward Duncan Family

Mark Edward Duncan was the son of Albert Duncan, born in Brown County, Indiana, 8-16-1854.

Joseph and Margaret Yeager married in 1801.

Jacob, son of Joseph and Margaret, was born 6-18-1911 then married Catherine Lawrence 9-3-1831. Catherine Lawrence, the daughter of George and Sarah Lawrence, was born 4-11-1811. Children that lived of Jacob and Catherine were: George, born 4-5-1842, Joseph, born 9-16-1843, Alfred, born 5-17-1853, and Susannah, born 12-29-1855, all in Dearborn.

Mark Edward Duncan and Susannah Yeager (Pennsylvania Dutch) were married in 1876 at Topeka, Kansas. They moved to, Oxford, Caldwell, Bluff City, Carney, Oklahoma, and back to Oxford in 1900. They later moved northwest of Atlanta, Kansas and then into the town of Atlanta. To this union was Eva, George Edward, Jake Allen, Wavie Zella, Ina Mae, Rena, Henry Willis and Archie LeRoy. Susannah Yeager Duncan could drive a team of horses as well or better than most men. When they moved to and from Oklahoma she drove a team, pulling a loaded wagon, forded creeks, rivers, etc. Mark Edward Duncan was a farmer most of his life, and after moving into Atlanta was a janitor for the Atlanta Schools. Susannah passed away 10-11-1937 and Mark Edward passed away 11-7-1941, both are buried in Atlanta, Kansas Cemetery.

Submitted by Hazel B. Duncan Ward
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Robert E. Duncan Family

My mother and father migrated from Lawrenceburg, Kentucky to Garfield County, Oklahoma when the Cherokee Strip opened for settlement in 1896. I attended school in Garber, Okla. and spent one year at University of Oklahoma before coming to Southwestern College in 1941. I flew dive bombers off the U.S.S. Lexington during World War 2. Jane Gary of Winfield and I were married Dec. 25, 1944. Her father was George Gary, well-known pioneer banker of Winfield.

After the war I worked several years in oilfields. In 1961 we founded Winfield Iron and Metal Inc. and later added Ark City Steel and Welding Supply.

We have three children, Dana, Gary and Craig. Dana is a Southwestern College graduate. She has one daughter, Rebecah, lives in Winfield and is office manager for Winfield Iron and Metal. She was instrumental in getting the Viet Nam memorial erected in Memorial park. Gary is a Kansas University law school graduate. He and his wife, Molly, live in Santa Fe, N.M. and have a son, David, and a daughter, Daisy. Craig is a Kansas State University graduate in banking. He and his wife, Diana, live in Winfield and have two sons, Spencer and Taylor.

Craig and I serve as board directors of First National Bank of Winfield. I served eight years on Winfield City Commission with two of those years as Mayor. My wife, Jane, has served many years on William Newton Hospital board of directors.

Submitted by By Robert E Duncan
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Charles & Dorothy Lee Dungey

Charles Audrey Dungey was born in Winfield on July 1, 1908 to Lewis Albert and Gertrude Lenore Cartarr Dungey.

Charles attended East Ward (Webster) grade school and graduated from Winfield High School in 1926.

On April 30, 1928 Charles was married to Dorothy Harriett Lee the daughter of Herbert and Daisy Lee. She was born June 16, 1906 in Marcelle, Illinois.

Dorothy attended a one-room school, Mt. Zion, and graduated from Winfield High School in 1926. As a young lady, Dorothy worked at a bank and was a telephone operator.

Immediately after graduating from school, Charles went into business with his father. The business was then known as Dungey and Son. They operated a retail gas and service business and also had a bulk station on West 4th.

Charles and Lewis owned several stations. One of these was on North Main where the swimming pool is now located. When the new highway was to be made the station was moved to an area at Main and Welfelt Drive. When the station was located near Island Park the family also owned the Island Park Cabins at that location. They also had stations at 1lth and Manning, 4th and Harter and 14th and Stewart.

Dungey and Son also had several dealer accounts, some of those were at Rock, New Salem, the Wilson Cabins south of Winfield and any road construction in the area.

By 1932 most of the business had been turned ever to Charles and the Firestone and Auto Parts store was established at 711 Main. During the second World War when ration was put on gasoline, Charles still maintained all of his stations. He was delivering gasoline to farmers, also to the County Shops, schools and most of the oil drilling rigs in Cowley County.

Dorothy was the chief bookkeeper for the oil and tire business. In 1964 all of the business was moved to the location of 303 Main.

Charles was honored to be president of the Kansas Oil Man's Association in 1962 and was on the board of KOMA for about 10 years. He was the president of the Winfield Merchants Association and was active in all of the community activities. In 1989 Charles received his 55-year pin in Lions Club.

Dorothy has been a member of Business Professional Women's Club, Eastern Star, Art Guild, Rossetti and Soroptimist.

Charles sold the Dungey and Son business at 303 Main in 1973. Charles remained a semi-retired employee until 1983.

Charles is a 66-year member of the First United Methodist Church and Dorothy became a member shortly after their marriage in 1928. They like to travel and enjoy golfing. They were honored by both Firestone and Derby Companies for their long service.

Their daughter, Judith Lee, was born on October 5, 1939 and was married to John McDonald on June 16, 1972. John is with General Electric and Judy is a homemaker. They have 3 sons.

Submitted by Beulah L. Shafer
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Lewis & Gertrude Carttar Dungey

Gertrude Lenore Carttar was born August 15, 1877 in Cowley County near Rock. She was the second child of Nathan Edward Carttar and Mary Elizabeth Akers Carttar.

As a young child the family moved to a place south of Winfield on the fertile Walnut Valley bottom, known as the "Carmon" place. The lure of cheap land farther west the family moved to Pratt County in the 1880's.

Gertrude attended school near Saratoga with sister Nellie and brother LeRoy.

In the summer of 1886, the family, moved back to Cowley County, which now number five (Eugene and Beulah), so that Gertrude's father could he nearer good doctors as he was dying of cancer.

Nathan died in 1896 just three weeks after the birth of the sixth child, Donald. After Nathan's death the family moved to a house across the lagoon from Island Park.

Before leaving Pratt County Gertrude had received her teaching certificate and began teaching school. She taught several years in rural schools around Cowley County including Mt. Carmel and Floral. While teaching at Floral there was another teacher in that school by the name of Lewis Albert Dungey.

Lewis was born in Illinois on January 10, 1870 to Charles Albert and Margaret Dungey. He was one of five children (Belle, James, Harry and Elizabeth.) Margaret died when Lewis was a small child and Charles Albert married Cynthia and they had one child, Nellie. Charles Albert died August 25, 1910 and Cynthia died February 23, 1909.

On August 22, 1906 Gertrude and Lewis were married in Winfield and continued to teach.

On July 1, 1908 Charles Audrey was born. Gertrude stayed home and took core of their child and Lewis taught at Eaton School. On March 4, 1914 a daughter Mary Louise was born.

Having a "large" family to support in 1914 he purchased the Uncle Sam Oil Company as a jobber. He had one pump on the west side of Main in the 700 block and a bulk station on west 4th Street. In 1920, he began with Derby Gas and Oil Company.

After graduation from high school Charles began working with his father and the business was known as Dungey and Son. The firm moved to71l Main in 1932 and entered the Firestone Tire Business.

On January 27, 1929 Lewis and Gertrude adopted Beulah Lee Greenland at the age of two and one-half years. Beulah Lee had been the daughter of Gertrude's younger sister Beulah.

Lewis continued to be an inactive retired partner in the Dungey and Son business.

Lewis and Gertrude enjoyed their family. When both of them were unable to get out, many a night you would find someone in playing Flinch, Rook, or Chinese Checkers with them.

The Dungey's for many years had a family open house on Christmas night. The young ones would play "SPOOK" and the parents Flinch, visit or sit around the piano and sing Christmas carols. Of course there was always plenty of candy, cookies and sandwiches to eat.(continued on page 162)

Submitted by Beulah L. Shafer
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Cowley County Heritage Book Page 162

(continued from page 161) Gertrude always enjoyed her Church, Friendship Sunday School Class and her Circle. Gertrude died on March 13, 1956 and Lewis died on May 13, 1961.

Submitted by Beulah L. Shafer
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Ralph and Kleora Dunlap Family

In 1918 and 1919 when Winfield was growing and street& were being paved with brick and the sewer and water lines were being laid, a contracting company by the name of Reed and Wheelock contracted crews to do this work, William Thurston Dunlap, foreman fur Reed, who laid brick, and Ralph B. Dunlap, foreman for Wheelock, who laid sewer and water lines, came to Winfield from Clay Center, Kansas. After their jobs were completed they returned to Clay Center to work and raise their families. On July 18, 1921 William Thurston and wife, Freda Helena, became the parents of a boy, Ralph Edward Dunlap. Ralph grew up in Clay Center with one brother, one sister, and half-brother and a half-sister.

On January 1922 on a farm near Miltonvale, Kansas, Lawrence Newton Lyne and wife, Letha Ora, had their first child, a girl, whom they named Kleora Mae Lyne. Kleora grew up on the farm with two younger brothers and graduated from Miltonvale High School in 1940. Kleora went to work as a waitress in Clay Center where she met Ralph who was working for Stewart Simpson Construction Company.

While Ralph was working for Stewart Simpson in 1939 and 1940, he was sent to Winfield where he helped reconstruct East Highway 160 from Winfield to Highway 166 south of Dexter and Highway 15 from Winfield south to Highway 166 east of Arkansas City, Kansas.

Ralph and Kleora were married on July 28, 1942 and Ralph went off to the Army in August of that same year. He took basic training at Camp Roberts, California and spent a short time overseas in Europe. While Ralph was in the Army, Kleora worked at Vultee Airplane Factory at Downy, California and at a pear packing factory at Medford, Oregon.

When Ralph was discharged from the Army he and Kleora moved to Abilene, Kansas where Ralph went to work for Kansas Power and Light. While in Abilene two daughters were born to them. Betty Ann on June 11, 1949 and Deborah Ann on February 24, 1954. In 1955 they moved to Wakefield, Kansas and Ralph continued to work for KP&L While living in Wakefield another daughter was born, Patricia Ann, in February 1959 in Junction City, Kansas.

After working for KP&L for seventeen and one-half years Ralph's work took them to Clay Center, Kansas in 1965, Norton, Kansas in 1966 and then to Winfield in 1971 where Ralph went to work for the City of Winfield Electric Department until June 1982 and Kleora worked for six years at The Winfield State Hospital and Training Center.

Ralph and Kleora have six grandchildren: Ralph Oscar Cramner; James Dean Cramner (deceased), Brandy Mae Loader; Charles Lee Loader; Michael Lee Neal and Ralph Edward Dunlap II.

Betty is residing in Clay Center, Kansas with her children, Brandy and Charlie. Patty in Winfield with her son, Ralph. On July 17, 1980, Deb married Thomas William Neal, son of Delbert Lee Neal and Ailene Doris Neal (thirty-four year residents of Winfield). Tom and Deb reside in Winfield with their son Michael.

Submitted by Deborah Neal
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Although Bill and Doris Dusenbury have lived in Arkansas City only a decade, Bill's Cowley County roots reach back a century. William Moses Barber, grandfather of Maurice Benjiman "Bill" Dusenbury, according to his own personal narrative, was "born in 1858, May 18, in Orange County, Ohio .... of thorough English ancestors, my parents with five children, having sailed from England in (1854) on the ... 'Daniel Webster,' which was six weeks on the water, and only forty of 480 surviving, the balance having died with the cholera on board."

Barber settled here after catching "Kansas Fever." Arriving in Winfield March 1, 1878, he found "wheat waving and peach trees in full bloom, We cut soft wheat that harvest on the 14th day of May. Never has the spring been so early since that date," he recalled in 1918.

He learned from Henry Harbaugh of a "smuggled" 160acre parcel (part of the Osage Trust Lands) south of Winfield. "I being only 20 yecirs old dared not file on it. I took it by squatters rights ..I broke part of it out and built a stone fence and other improvements, dug a 12xl2 cellar for a house, and lived in a tent on the walnut river as it ran through one corner of the claim." (When the Dusenburys located the claim a few summers ago they were surprised to find the fence still used by current owner Cecil Eastman.)

That fall he became ill with typhoid malaria. Sick all winter, it took all his money to pay the doctor. "Almost barefoot," he was ready to return home to Illinois, offering to sell his team, wagon, and claim for $250. "Mr. Harbaugh says; Bill, you are made of the stuff we need in this country...if you will quit trying to act a fool by giving away your stuff, I will give you all the work youwant."' So he stayed, freighting wheat to Wichita and flour and produce into Indian Territory. He filed his claim August 4, 1879, paying $1.25 per acre.

On November 29, 1881 he married Hattie Camp. He built a two-room house over his cellar and set up housekeeping for $35. They raised hogs and cattle four years before moving to Harper County, where he was a successful farmer-rancher and founded the Anthony Wholesale Grocery Company. They had six children, and their daughter, Florence Mae, and Fred Weaver Dusenbury became the parents of Bill Dusenbury (b.05-28-12).

Bill and Doris Beatrice Gates (b.04-21-13) married January 11, 1933, in the manse of the Hopewell Presbyterian Church near Anthony. They farmed in Harper and Sumner Counties, raising and exhibiting registered Ayrshire dairy cattle. Bill was on the national board of directors of the breed association. They served as 4-H leaders over 20 years, were active in the Hahn community and the Corbin Methodist Church. Doris served several terms on the County Extension Council and Board and remained active in Cowley County.

Retiring to Arkansas City in 1979, they belong to Kiwanis and the First Methodist Church. Bill enjoys television and working with wood. Doris likes antiquing, researching family history, and judges arts and crafts at iairs throughout the area. They have two daughters, Karen Linn Peterson and Susanna Gates Scott, six gandchildren, and four great-grandsons.

Submitted By Karen Dusenbury Peterson
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Georges Benetau & Orel Fern (Krehbiel) DuBuat

Fern Krehbiel duBuat (1888-1981) was the daughter of Reuben and Luella (Roberts) Krehbiel. Luella Krehbiel was the daughter of Charles A. and Amanda Roberts, who homesteaded northeast of Winfield in 1871. During her childhood, Fern and her parents lived at 718 East 9th Avenue. Her mother, Luella, was active in the Suffragette movement and was a socialist. Luella traveled around the country and made speeches supporting these causes.

Circa 1906, Fern and her mother moved to Kansas City where Fern attended drama school. As a godchild of playwright Clyde Fitch, Fern became well-known as a Broadway actress and was described in news stories as an "outstanding beauty." Her stage name was Ruth Maycliffe and she appeared with Charles Cherry, a popular actor of the period. One of the shows they appeared in was "Girls."

Circa 1910, Fern and Luella spent some time in Biarritz. Fern became acquainted with King Alfonso XIII of Spain who introduced her to his cousin, Prince Juan Braganza d'Avellar of Portugal. They were married a short time later. Unfortuncitely, the prince was killed during a revolutionary battle in Portugual, and the Princess Braganza d'Avellar returned to New York and resumed her career.

After an appearance in "Girls" at a Washington theater, Miss Maychffe was summoned to the White House for an audience with President Theodore Roosevelt. He had read that she was an accomplished horsewoman and "could rope and tie a steer in a remarkably short time."

During the First World War, Fern met a young French officer who was in this Country to instruct American soldiers in trench warfare, Count Georges Benetau DuBuat (1894-1973). A few weeks later they were married. They moved to Paris in 1920 where they remained until 1937 when they moved to the village of La Ri(;hardais near Dinard in Brittany. The second war came and their home was occupied by German soldiers from 1940 to 1945. The house was severely damaged by bombing during the Allied invasion of France.

In 1946 the DuBuat's returned to Winfield and spent some time with Mabel Roberts, whose husband, Charles W. Roberts, had been a cousin of Fern. They later moved to San Francisco where they lived from 1947 to 1958. Count DuBuat had graduated from the Ecole Polytechnique in France and was an electrical engineer with Pacific Gas and Electric Company until retirement in 1958. They returned to France and lived at Villefranche sur Mer until 1967 when they returned to Winfield and resided with Miles B, (Brad) and Kay (Roberts) Light, who were cousins, for about a year. They returned to Italy in 1969. Georges Benetau DuBuat died in 1973 and is buried at Bordighera, Italy. The Countess Fern DuBuat returned to San Francisco and died there November 9, 1981. She is buried at Union Cemetery in Winfield.

Submitted By Kay Roberts Light
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Marie Peddecord & Jesse Dyer

Ethel Marie (Peddecord) Dyer (1896-1986) was born in Belle Plaine, Kansas. She was the only child of Lucy Deets (Shoup) Peddecord (1866-1928) and Charles Metlan Peddecord (1867-1933).

Marie's mother, Lucy, was born in Geneseo, Illinois and came to Kansas with her parents, Solomon and Magdaline (Richie) Shoup (continued on page 163)

Submitted by Louise Youle Wilson
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Cowley County Heritage Book Page 163

(continued from page 162) in 1883 (age 17 years) and settled in Udall, Kansas. Marie's father, Charles Peddecord, was born in Clinton, Illinois. Charles' parents were Cleopartra (McKinney) Peddecord and Thomas Benton Peddecord, Charles' parents married in 1866 in Clinton, Illinois. In 1872, when Charles was about 5 years of age, they moved to Humbolt, Kansas and later to Belle Plaine.

Charles M. Peddecord married Lucy Deets Shoup in 1895 and settled on a farm near Belle Paine where Marie was born. In 1915 they moved to Mulvane for high school; in 1919 to Winfiels for college.

At Southwestern College, Marie studied voice and piano, but chose math and commercial subjects as her major. Marie received her B.A. degree from Southwestern College in 1923 and later a Master's degree from Colorado State College of Education at Greenley.

Marie then taught for a number of years in Burns and Caldwell before coming to Wichita in 1939. She taught at John Marshall and North High.

Marie believed in young people and for more than 35 years taught math and commercial subjects to Kansas junior and senior high youth. Twenty of her teaching years were spent in Wichita schools as she continued until retirement.

On July 1, 1946, Marie married Jesse Edwin Dyer of Wichita, a retired farmer. Jesse died in 1956 at age 86. They had no children.

Her burial is in Winfield along side her parents at Highland Cemetery.

Submitted by Louise Youle Wilson
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Early & Hogue Families

Johannes Ohrle is thought to be the first Early to immigrate to America. He arrived in Philadelphia August 24, 1750 on the ship Brothers from Rotterdam. In 1800 the family was in Jefferson County, Virginia. Here Jacob William Early was born in 1806. The family moved to Ohio where Jacob married Nancy Jane Chaney (1808-1885) in Columbus. They settled in Bokes Creek Township, Logan County, where they reared seven children. David Elmore, their sixth child (Dec. 26, 1846 - Feb. 13, 1906) followed the Quaker faith. At the age of 24 he came to Pottawatomie County, Kansas, settling near Wamego. On May 30, 1872 he married Roseanne Hogue (Jan. 13, 1854 - Sept. 15, 1928) at Seneca, Kansas. She also was born in Bakes Creek of German extraction. Her parents were James and Romansa Warwick Hogue. Her grandparents were George and Jane Bollinger Hogue who were born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania and moved to Ohio in 1834. They were the parents of eighteen children. Romansa and daughter, Elizabeth, are buried in unmarked graves on the family farm.

Roseanne and David lived in a dugout for two years. He walked seven miles to work for a neighbor at fifty cents a day. 12 worked at the Pottawatomie Indian boarding school., they nearly froze and starved during a severe blizzard, bringing the cow into the dugout also. They ran out of fuel and food except for frozen cornbread which had to be chopped with a hatchet. After the grasshopper invasion they moved to Cedar County, Missouri where David had an interest in a mine. Their first child, William Henry (Aug. 8, 1874 - Dec. 4, 1915) was born here. Because of David's health they moved back to Kansas. In 1878 they came to Cowley County and proved a claim on the Irish Flats. This quarter section in Cedar Township, is presently owned by David's grandson and namesake, David Elmore Early. David and Rose put in their first garden with an ax. He raised flax and hauled it to Independence by oxen which took a week. Sometimes a party of Indians came by asking for "white" bread. In 1887 they built a home in Cedar Vale which is still being used. They owned a small confectionery called "The Lunch Room." David raised purebred chickens and kept bees. Rose sold milk, butter, eggs and yeast.

Their second child, Mary Elizabeth (Dec. 9, 1889 - Nov. 24, 1972) graduated from high school in 1907. Many summers were spent at her brother's farm helping can and dry fruit. She worked at Adams and as cashier at Rothrock's until her marriage. She and Leander James Bridges were married Nov. 10, 1912 in her parents' home. Leander owned a dray line, worked for local merchants and took supplies to the oil field and Indian reservation in Oklahoma.

In 1920 they bought a small tract near Arkansas City. He worked as a carpenter in Kansas and Oklahoma. Their eight children are; Geneva, Wayne, Betty, William, Patricia, Ivan, Ronald, Donald. Patricia's children are: Rose Doty, Patty Nicholas, David Bazil.

Submitted by Patricia Bridges Bazil
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Jim Eash Family

Michael (Mikel-Mike) Eash was born September 27, 1851 in Owen County, Indiana to John and Sarah Eash. John Eash came to the United States from Germany and settled in Pennsylvania, later going to Indiana where he was a farmer. Old records show they were of the Amish faith.

Mikel married Nancy Ellen Malone and they had six children, James Henry, Thomas Edward, Willie Rosetta, Edith lane, Freddie and Michael. Freddie and Michael died in infancy.

About 1885 Michael, Nancy and their children came to Cowley County, Kansas. Not much is known about this family but it is thought they followed Nancy's brother, Tom Malone, and his family to Kansas. They all lived in Cowley County. Nancy died October 29, 1885 and is buried in Parker Cemetery. Mike died April 26, 1923 and is also buried in Parker Cemetery.

James Henry Eash married Delpha Martin, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Martin of Arkansas City on August 25, 1897 in Arkansas City. They had four children, Viola, Harvey, Eula Elizabeth and Milton James. Delpha died March 28, 1918 at her home in Arkansas City and she is buried in Parker Cemetery.

James (Jim) Eash was a drayman. He started with a team of horses and a wagon. He later traded his wagon for a hard-rubber tired truck. Milton remembers his father taking people to Parker and Mt. Hope Cemetery on Memorial Day to decorate graves of their loved ones, also taking people to Walnut Park for Fourth of July celebrations. An old photo shows an oil field crew standing beside the truck ready to be transported to the job site. He was in business known as Ark Valley Transfer, which advertised long distance and piano moving, and storage room with Syfert and Ray, He later drove a taxi. Jim Eash died January 6, 1942 and is buried in Parker Cemetery.

Viola Eash married P. E. Messner and they made their home in the Prairie View Community, east of Arkansas City, for many years, later moving to Arkansas City. Children of Viola and Phillip Messner are Betty (Mrs. K. Ray) Marrs and E.W. (Bud) Messner. Harvey worked for the Empire Laundry in Arkansas City. He married and moved away from the Arkansas City area. Eula married Arthur LaBrue in Blackwell, Oklahoma. They lived most of their lives in Arkansas City.

Milton married Lucille Haines and they had 3 children, Phyllis, Carolyn and Ronnie. Phyllis is married to Bob Begay, Carolyn is married to Leon Morris and Ron is married to Marilyn Green. All children grew up in Arkansas City, attending the city schools. In 1959 Milton and Lucille were divorced and in 1960 Milton married Joy Bender Bennington. Milton retired from Rodeo Packing Company after 30 years in 1974. Joy worked for GAB Business Services for 17 years from 1961 to 1979 and is currently working part-time at United Agency, Inc.

Submitted by By Milton J. Eash
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Easterday Family

In 1880 Martin Luther Easterday (twenty years of age) came to Cowley County by wagon train from Fredrick, Maryland. Members of the train settled in the Redd Valley community, took up claims, planted orchards, and built homes.

In 1880 a wagon train left Red Oak, Iowa, Sarah Ann Lewis (eleven years of age) traveled with the Christian Harader family to Neosho, Missouri. The family left the train at this point. Mr. Harader came on to Cowley County and bought the flourmill which was partially finished. After finishing the miss, he brought his family to Winfield by train. Sarah Ann Harader was the grandmother of Sarah Ann (Sadie) Lewis and the mother of Charlie Harader. The mill opened for business in 1881. Located on the Walnut River in the Southbend Community it became known as the Dunkard Mill and Christian Harader was a Dunkard preacher. With the opening of the Mill Martin Luther Easterday began work there as a millright. September 16, 1885, Martin Luther Easterday married Sarah Ann Lewis (Sadie Lewis). Later they moved to the Redd Valley community. Their children were: Chester Paul, Harvey Lewis, Vera Lavina, Fern Olive, and Joseph Oliver Easterday. Martin Luther Easterday farmed, ran a general store and worked as a stone mason. Their descendants are actively engaged in medicine, law, education, engineering, art, veterinary science, accounting, building manufacturing, insurance, banking, and business management. Only three remain in agriculture.

Martin Luther Easterday passed away November 16, 1929 and Sarah Ann (Sadie) Lewis passed away June 18, 1948. They are buried in Highland Cemetery, Ashland, Kansas.

Submitted by Juanita Keasling
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John & Anna Elam

The Elam and Ramsey families both lived west of Winfield. The children grew up together in the same neighborhood and knew each other's families.

Anna Mae was born 20 October 1899 to Jim and alic Zimmerman Ramsey. After education in Mt. Zion and Winfield schools she worked for Santa Fe Railroad, 1918 to 1928. Her duties were to write up freight bills, make out weekly reports copy or write train orders, sell tickets, check freight and express and keep and books. Towns with stations that she served in during those ten years were Hackney (her first job), Udall, Putman, Midco, Cherlsa and Alki. Night shift duties were part of the job, often done alone. It was during one of these shifts that she sensed someone around, then heard footsteps as if someone was trying to sneak up on her. She saw a shadow of a man. She reached for the pistol kept in a drawer (continued on page 164)

Submitted By Janis Ramsey Reinhardt
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Cowley County Heritage Book Page 164

(continued from page 163) for protection and fired into the floor. The shadow left and she heard running footsteps leaving. Being alone at the station was dangerous for the agents so they often took caution and looked after each other.

John Vernon Elam went to World War I and returned to marry Bertha Watson in 1922, and two children were born, John C. Jr. and Laverna. Bertha died in 1927 when Laverna was a baby.

John and Anna renewed their acquaintance and were married November 3, 1917 in Winfield. Junior retired from farming in 1989 in Cowley County and lives in Winfield with wife Nadine. Laverna is a registered nurse and lives in California with husband Tom Sorrels.

John and Anna operated the Winfield Dairy and Independent Ice Company many years. After it sold, they farmed southeast of Winfield many years.

John died in 1982 and is buried in Highland Cemetery south of Winfield. Anna continues to reside in Winfield in the house they built together.

Submitted By Janis Ramsey Reinhardt
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Valley Elder Family

Valley Elder was born in 1870 in Marion County, Iowa. His father died when Valley was four years old and his mother never remarried. In 1885 when Valley was 15 years old, he and his mother moved from Iowa to Kansas in a covered wagon and settled on a farm in Sedgwick County near Mt. Hope.

In 1901, Valley married Nora Miller, a resident of Burton. She was born in Osage County, Kansas in 1874. Both of her parents were born in Denmark. Her father came to the United States when he was 21 years old to escape the military draft. His original name was Johansen but he took the name of Miller because his first work was as a miller in a flour mill.

Valley and Nora had two sons; Neal, born in 1905 and Gate, born in 1913. The family lived in the Mt. Hope area until 1914 when they moved to a farm in Cowley County six miles west and three and one-half miles north of Winfield. They attended Mt. Vernon Presbyterian Church in the neighborhood until 1940 when the church disbanded due to low attendance and affiliated with the First Presbyterian Church in Winfield. Valley and Nora attended the Christian Church in nearby Oxford. In 1940, Valley and Nora retired from farming and purchased the Ed Biddle farm located six miles west of Winfield. They built a new home and lived there until their deaths. Valley died in 1956 and Nora in 1957.

Their two sons attended North Vernon, a rural school one-half mile south of the home place, and then Winfield High School. Neat graduated from high school in 1925, attended Pittsburg Teachers College for two years, and then returned home to farm with his father. In 1941, Neal married Candace Wall, a kindergarten teacher in Winfield. She taught kindergarten for 40 years. They lived on the home place, the original Valley Elder farm purchased in 1914, where Neal continued to farm both the home place and his parents' new farm. Neal and Candace had no children. In 1985 Neal died. His widow, Candace, still lives on the home place.

Gate Elder graduated from Winfield High School in 1931. He then helped his father and brother farm and later attended Southwestern College from 1938 until 1940. He graduated from Kirksville College of Osteopcithy and Surgery in 1944 and interned at Southwestern Osteopathic Hospital in Wichita. Dr. Gale Elder began his medical practice in Wichita in 1945 and practiced until his retirement in 1982. He helped to found the Osteopathic Hospital in Wichita, Kansas, now known as Riverside Hospital. He also was one of three founders of the Osteopathic Clinic.

In 1951, Gale married Mildred Jarkson Freeman who was born and raised on a farm necir Eureka, Kansas. She had a son, Fred, by a previous marriage. He was adopted and given the name Fred T. Elder in 1957. He lives in Madison, Wisconsin where he works as a Consulting Mechanical Engineer and has two sons, Jason and Drew, who currently attend Kansas University. Gale and Mildred had a son, John, born in 1952. He is a rancher near Eureka, Kansas and has not married.

Mildred Elder died in 1984. Gale remarried in 1986 to Mary E Reynolds, a daughter of William E. Reynolds and Edna Zeigler Reynolds, who were longtime residents of the Reynolds farm five miles southeast of Winfield. Gale and Mary live in Winfield during the summer and fall months and in Dallas, Texas during the winter and spring months. Gale still owns the farm on which his parents retired, located west of Winfield on Highway 160.

Submitted by Gale G. Elder
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 164.

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Enderud Family

Carl Olaf Enderud was born 24 December 1857 on the Enderud farm at Fetsund, Norwciy, the son of Ole Simonsen and Oline Jansen Enderud. He came to the U.S. on 2 October 1880 and worked for six months in Republic Co., Kansas. In 1881 he worked as timekeeper for No. 3 coal mine in Back Springs, Wyoming. Carl's brother, Herman, settled at Fowler, Colorado and his brother, Ludvig, went to Wyoming and later to Portland, Oregon.

He married Annie Johanna Nordmark on 26 May 1887 at Scandia, Kansas. In 1890 they took a homestead at Freeport, Nebraska where they farmed and lived until 1898 when they moved back to Republic Co., Kansas. In 1913 they moved to their farm southwest of Caldwell, Kansas. They owned 426 acres in Sumner Co. There were several oil wells drilled on the property. On 22 August 1919 the biggest free flowing oil well in the state of Kansas wcis brought in on their property. They had nine children, Cora, Alma, Marie, Christian, Mary Amelia, Roy, Ernest, Frank and Elmer.

Annie died 7 Nov. 1923 and Carl died 10 April 1945, exactly 32 years to the day he came to Caldwell, both are buried at Caldwell.

Christian Oluf Enderud was born 14 June 1893 at Freeport, Neb., he married Junia Ethel McCants on 12 May 1915 at Wellington, Kansas. They had ten children, Opal, Louis, Roy, Ethel, Carl, Clarence, Ruby, Jesse, Lloyd and Alfred. They farmed near Caldwell, Uniontown, Ks. and near Arkansas City, Ks. Christian, or C.0 as he was called, had a real estate office in Arkansas City in the 1950s and 1960s

I, Lloyd, was born at Jewell, Kansas I attended schools near Augusta, Caldwell and several rural schools near Arkansas City. I married Freida Irene Washburn on 6 June 1950 at Newkirk, Okla. I worked for Maurer-Neuer, later Rodeo Meats, for 31 years, retiring in 1982 at the time of the plant closing. We had three sons, Charles, Ronnie Lee and Dale. We have lived all but one year of our married life in or near Arkansas City.

Submitted By Lloyd Enderud
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 164.

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Estep-Bacastow Family

Our great-grandfather, George T. Bacastow, came to Kansas from Pennsylvania in 1881. He settled first in Winfield where he ran a restaurant, bakery and an ice cream parlor.

He married Angelina Crompton on March 20, 1884 and they moved to their farm west of Arkansas City that same year. Their children were Pearl, Alta, Daisy and Emma. The two youngest girls, Daisy and Emma, died during the diptheria epidemic in 1904.

After farming for about twenty years, he gave his farms to his daughters Pearl and Alta, and moved into Arkansas City. There, he was a partner in and rncinaged the Baird investment Company. This company speculated in land and minerals. He continued the business after the death of his partners, Thomas Baird and Ben Conrad, until shortly after World War II had begun.

Our other great-grandparents, James M. and Mary Coulter Estep, were married August 26, 1874 in Clinton, Illinois. They came to Kanscis in 1875 or 1876, where they, too, settled on a farm west of Arkanscis City. They were lifetime farmers. There were nine children born to that union, the oldest being our grandfather, James E. Estep.

James E. Estep and Pearl G. Bcicastow were married on Feb 8, 1906. They farmed the homeplace and ran a custom threshing crew. He ran the machine and crew and she cooked from the chuck wagon Several years after Elmer lost his leg in a car accident, they turned the farm over to our father, Lawrence, and they moved into town where they ran a filling station, grocery store and boarding house.

Our parents, Lawrence E. Estep and Mildred L. Howe, were married on June 2, 1928 in Wichita, Kansas. They worked the family farm, ran a dairy and sold bottled milk for several years. They ran a diversified operation and were considered one of the most progressive farm families in the area.

Their children are Janell, Georgia Lee (who died at birth), Gilbert, Gertrude and James.

During World War II, Lawrence worked at Boeing and Mildred worked for the Army Air Corp at Strother Field. After the war, he worked as a fieldman for the Co-op Milk Association and as a Police Officer. In later years, together they ran the Coop Feed Store in Dexter They also ran the Sunbeam Cafe and Eagle Motel in Arkansas City.

There have been six generations of the Estep-Bacastow family in Cowley County.

Submitted by L. Gilbert Estep
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 164.

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Eudaly Family

The Eudaly family came to America from Europe in the 1700's. Several versions have been written, "they were French Hugeunots, or Irish, or English." They were listed in the first U.S. census of 1790. Then the spelling of the name varied, Eudaly, Eudafly, Eudadey. My family descended from Moses Eudaly, one of two brothers listed in the 1790 census, (continued on page 165)

Submitted by Roy E. Eudaly
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 164.

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Cowley County Heritage Book Page 165

(continued from page 164) of Charlotte County, Virginia. The family came gradually west from Virginia, Kentucky, Carolina, then Indiana.

My father remembered his grandfather James as a small red-headed man with a fierce temper. He was a blacksmith. My father remembered walking by the covered wagon, and that it took six weeks. His grandfather died in 1885, his grandmother in 1883, both buried in Union Cemetery.

My grandfather Nathaniel also appeared to have the same urge to pick up and go. He moved his family several times before coming to Cowley County. They went from Indiana to Iowa then back to Indiana and then back to Iowa. My grandfather was a bugler in the Union Army serving in an Indiana Company. He was a prisoner of war and was mustered out in June 1865. He married and divorced, and then married my grandmother Lucretia Wellins. They had three children, my father Nathaniel Reece, James Edward and Nellie. Nathaniel and James were born in Iowa and Nellie in Kansas.

The family did lots of land trading and moving, but eventualy ended up in New Salem. My father had a bicycle repair shop at one time in Winfield. He also did some water well drilling, and lost an arm in accident while pursuing this trade. He was also a wanderer, and moved several times to other states. He married quite late in life, about 38, to a girl 20 years younger. She was Bessie Rolater from Texas. He met her there on one of his travels. There were seven children; Elsie, Mary, Ruth, Roy, and Luci (twins), and Cecil. One son died in infancy.

Elsie married Paul J. Kilts; one son Paul E. Mary married Ownus J. Kilts; they had 4 sons. Mary divorced Ownus and married Robert Pierce; another son. Ruth married Alex Anderson; they had 2 sons I daughter. Roy married Margciret (Peggy) Sciffin; 3 daughters. Luci married Emery (Bud) Holman; 2 daughters, 1 son.

All the way back to the first Eudaly brothers, the line seems to have been hardy. The men all living into their 80's and 90's.

I, Roy, was born in Winfield and grew up in the New Salem township. I went to school in New Salem and went into the army in 1941, sand served until 1945. I went overseas and was in England in 1942 where I met my future wife. We married in late October 1945. I was in the European theater of war, going to France on D-Day and going all the way to Munich by the time peace was signed, most of it on foot. My wife and I have 3 daughters and four grandchildren.

Submitted by Roy E. Eudaly
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 165.

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The Evan and Jane Evans left Morgan County, Kentucky near West Liberty, Kentucky for Kansas. Along with their families of four daughters: Clarinda, Jaley, Frances and Sarah. They moved on a homestead and built a small home, later on daughter Clarinda married Colonel James Montgomery, Joley married David Roberts, Frances unknown and Sarah married Isaac Ellington.

Leaving Kentucky by the way of the Licking River to come to Kansas, many often came by boat. Many of the people came north from the south to get away from 'slavery', The Evans came before 1852 of development of the 'free state' and 'proslavery'parties. The Evans family came first to settle, then the Montgomery's came by the way of carving a canoe out of a large Linden tree. The family of four came some 3,000 miles on the canoe to Kansas. They settled in Linn County, Kansas to make their home in the Little Sugar Valley Creek, in a beautiful vaIley. The Evans family and their families were buried in a little private cemetery on the land.

Later during the 'Civil War' days the home of the Mrs. Evans was soon fortilied into a 'fort' to live and the home of the Montgomery's was burned to the ground and they rebuilt back to a home and it was a 'fort'. Colonel James Montgomery was called a jayhawker and was one of the three men whom soon were given the name of jayhawking in Kansas.

David Roberts, my great grandfather, fought in the Civil War cis a volunteer and James Montgomery fought in the war in the cavalry. This Civil War took place in Linn County, Kansas, called the Battle of Mine Creek. Having attended the Reenactment of the Civil War on November II and 12th, 1989 in Linn County, Kansas on the spot where the Battle of Mine Creek took place.

David Roberts came from Wales and his three brothers settled in Iowa and David came to Kansas to live around 1850's. David Roberts and James Montgomery became brother-inlaws in the fighting of the Civil War Robert's brothers came over from Wales to Iowa, they helped lay the trans-Atlantic cables across the waters to America. Many had to work their way across the waters to America to be able to come here.

The celebration of Civil War fought in Kansas, in Linn County an the 125th Anniversary of Battle of Mine Creek from 1864-1989, are making plans to continue this Military Activities throughout the years in Kansas. The family of Evans whom are my great-great grandparents have had much to do with the beginning of our "Jayhawkers" in the state of Kansas. I have written a book on this subject as my ancestors who took part in many different occasions throughout the time of the Civil War.

Submitted by Pauline Kennedy Jones
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 165.

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Ewers & Pile

Cyrus D. and Gertrude Ewers came to Winfield in 1915. Previously, they had come to Sedan, Kansas from Bagley, Iowa Their oldest daughter, Vera, graduated from Sedan High School. In order for their second daughter, Margaret, to attend a larger high school, the family moved to Topeka. They lived there until coming to Winfield. They bought the house at 1401 E. 9th. Cyrus was active in the developing oil industry and had farming interests in Cowley and several other Kansas counties. He was a director of the First National Bank. He died in 1931. After his death, daughter Margaret and her husband lived with Gertrude until her death in 1944. Margaret had married J.H. Koons, who had become a local banker. They became owners of the family home and J.H. still lives there.

Daughter Vera married E.D. (Ted) Pile. When they came to Winfield in 1915 he became a teller in the Winfield National Bank. Later they bought an interest in the Bank of Commerce in Udall and moved there to manage it until 1935. They moved to Independence, Kansas to operate the John Deere dealership. In 1938, E.D. retired and the family moved back to Winfield. E.D. died in 1962. His wife Vera died in 1968 Mr. Pile was a member of the Winfield Rotary Club and served as the governor of the Wichita District of Rotary in 1960-61.

The Pile's daughter Elizabeth (Betty) graduated from Winfield High School in 1941 before attending Kansas University. There she met and married Ned Cushing. They graduated from K.U. in 1945 and now live in Lawrence, Kansas.

The Piles also had a son, Edwin E. (Bill), who graduated from Washburn Law School. He was a lawyer in Winfield with Charles Roberts for several years before moving away from Winfield to follow other pursuits. He passed away in 1985 in Florida where he had retired.

Submitted By Betty Pile Cushing
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 165.

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In 1850, at age 26, Byron Farrar of Buckfield, Maine, married Mary Jane Howland, 19, in Avon, Maine. Their son, Harry Prince Farrar, came to the west, stopped in Arkansas City; and on a rented bicycle traveled over western Kansas buying sections of land at one dollar per acre. He returned to marry Celia Helen Foss, 19, in Saco, Maine, on March 18, 1874. Riding the train to its terminal point, they settled in Arkansas City.

Harry Farrar, known as HP became Cashier to Cowley County Bank in 1874. It secured a national charter in 1885 to become the First National Bank. He was then associated with Johnson Loan and Mortgage, which liquidated in 1892. Later that year he founded and became President of the Hill Investment Company. These various businesses were located on or next to the corner of Summit Street and Fifth Avenue on the northwest.

Harry and Celia Farrar had four children: Arthur, Caro Pearl, Foss, and Lucile. The latter two were born on the site of the present Cowley County Community College Auditorium. It was in that house that Foss, at age three shifted from bedroom to bedroom-waking up in the bathtub-as more and more men were allowed a bed before making the Cherokee Strip Run. Foss and his sister Lucile remained in Arkansas City their entire lives.

Foss Farrar married Fannie Hunter of the Hunter Milling family of Wellington in 1911. They had three children: Frances (who married Jack Guyot), William (Bill) Hunter (who married Eleanor Stanton), and Jeanne (who married Charles Dumenil). Foss was President of the Home National Bank from 1930 to 1946.

Lucile Farrar married Lester David Mitchell, a dentist born in Lane, Kansas, who later studied under Dr. Angle to become one of the first three orthodontists in the nation. They had four children: Dana, Lyndsay, David, and Mary Jane.

Mary Jane Mitchell married Malcolm McLeod Mills, son of Howard Russell Mills and Blanche McLeod Mills. He became one of the founders and President of the United Insurance and Real Estate Agency. They have four children: David McLeod, Margaret Lynn, Celia Melissa, and Martha Anne.

David Mills, after graduating from Kansas University Law School, married Karen Faye Kukuk in Kansas City, Kansas 8-14-1960. They have three children: Katherine, Mitchell and Jeffery. At present he is President and Chief Executive Officer of the First National Bank of Ponca City, Oklahoma.

Margaret Lynn married Jack Neff, of Little River, Kansas and have two children: Mark Alan and Jeri Diane.

Celia Melissa married Carl Paxton Talbot of Boise, Idaho. They have two children: Tara Darlene and Andrew.

Martha Anne married Douglas Allen of Upland, California, and they have two children: Nicholas and Peter.

Submitted by Mary Jane Mills
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 165.

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John Wesley Fell

John Wesley Fell was born in Ohio in December 1825. His wife's name is not known. They had four children: Joseph Oscar born 1856 in Illinois, Thomas B. born 1858 in Illinois, Elizabeth E (Lizzie) born 1859 in Illinois, and James f born 1867 in Illinois.

John was in the Infantry in Illinois eight months with "D" Company and was honorably discharged.

When they came to Cowley County they lived six miles south of Atlanta. John farmed and had a large fruit orchard. John Wesley Fell died 29 November 1910 at Burden, Kansas and is buried at Wilmot Cemetery.

Joseph Oscar married Amanda Brown, born 1863 in Iowa, daughter of Isaac Brown. Joseph and Amanda had at least two children: Isaac Wesley, born 17 November 1878 near Atlanta, and Celia. Joseph later moved to Danville, Kansas.

Isaac Wesley married Ada Sedell Hoyt, the daughter of Hollis Ammi and Emily Elizabeth (Cooks) Hoyt. They were married 24 September 1897 in Winfield at Sheriff Skinner's home. They had three children: Bessie May (Mrs Oscar Otto Riggs) horn 4 December 1898 at Floral; Roy Cecil, born 24 December 1903 at 1035 So. B Arkansas City, Kansas; and Eva Sedell (Mrs Daniel Elliott) born 1 September 1907 at her greatgrandfather John Fell's home six miles south of Atlanta.

Isaac was a laborer, railroader, and a farm worker, They lived in Wilmot, Floral, and Arkansas City before moving to near Perry, Oklahoma in September 1907. Isaac was on his way to work on 19 December 1908 when he was robbed and killed for his team and wagon by halfbreed Indians. He was shot and beaten with "Brass Nucks" and his body thrown in a well near Morrison, Oklahoma. The men were caught, tried, and one was hung, the other, a boy, was sent to prison for life. Ada witnessed the hanging. Isaac was buried at Rose Hill Cemetery, Perry, Oklahoma on 29 December 1908. The "Brass Nucks" used to kill Isaac are on display at the museum in Perry, Oklahoma.

This information came from the 1880 Federal Census, the 1895 Agriculture Census, and from the family register of Ada Sedell Fell.

Submitted by Glenda L Martin
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 165.

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Luther Buell Ferguson, the son of "Harry" William Harrison and "Della" Rhonda Idella (Hooten) Ferguson, was born in Ringwood, Major County, Oklahoma, on March 6, 1906. At the age of four his family left Oklahoma and moved to the Ferguson homestead in Richland Township, Butler County. The family moved to several homes in the vicinity living in the four (continued on page 166)

Submitted by Janet Schanbacher
Scanned out of the Cowley County Heritage book, Page 165.

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EMAIL Cowley County Coordinator
Karen Rodenbaugh ....Arkansas City, KS

Email corrections and submissions to Steve.

State Coordinators
Tom & Carolyn Ward, Columbus, KS