Evans & Linn. - - - Editors.
Microfilm available from KS State Historical Society
Microfilm Reel - S 60


JANUARY 12, 1878.


Its Early History, Location, Surroundings and Advantages.


Colleges, Schools, Churches and Public Enterprises.


A Hasty Sketch of Its Business, Business Men, Trade Etc., Etc.


Newspapers, Professional, Individual Mention Etc., Etc., Etc.

   Owing to the great amount of labor and confusion, incident to getting out the first number of our paper last week, we were compelled to omit a hasty retrospective, and present, review of our city, its business, public institutions etc., as had been our intention, and this week we will attempt the work, although owing to our inability, want of sufficient knowledge, and limited space the sketch must necessarily be brief and to a greater or less degree imperfect.
   The first settlement of St. Marys was made by the Pottawatomie Indians in the fall of 1838; they removing here from Sugar Creek, in Miami county, under the direction of Missionaries of the Catholic Church, of whom Father Gailland, who recently died at the College in the city, was one, and at the time of his death was said to be the oldest Missionary in America, and certainly one who had endured greater hardships; undergone greater fatigues, dangers and vicisitudes, for the civilization and conversion to Christianity, of the American Indians, than any other man living or dead, on this Continent to-day.
   The old old story of the ceding by the General Government, to the Pottawatomies, a Reservation 30 miles square; to be selected by themselves, in the heart of the then Territory of Knasas; and with what great care and judgment as to soil, timber, water, valley, bottom land and boundless range, the selection was made, under the superior knowledge of the Missionaries, is familiar to all our readers, and almost as familiar to the State at large, and even in the far distant East and West, are men found as fully conversant with the facts as we the residnets of the Reserve are to-day.
   We will not attempt to go back over the early history of the first settlement of our city, it is a long story and as we say above has been often told; nevertheless where the magnificent College and Academy buildings stand to day, are the identical location selected for the erection of the first rude shelters of the Indians and Missionaries, and the old school buildings and primitive church are still standing, treasured relics; reminding those few still remaining in our midst, of the scenes, hopes, fears, hardships and privation of forty years ago.
   During the long period, from 1838 to the present time, the change has been slow and steady but none the less sure. After the allotment of the land to the Reserve in 1862 to the Indians, and the Reserve thrown open to white settlement, the progress was rapid, as the great advantages offered the settler, as the superior location of the lands and the richness of the soil could not be surpassed; the proportion of timber, bottom land, river, and creek valleys were greater, within the circumference of the Reservation than could be found embraced within the same territory in other parts of the State. So, from the primitive start feebly described above, grew up our magnificent little city; its grand public institutions, churches private enterprises, and the highly improved and well cultivated farms and stock ranches on all sides of us; until today she stands in all the grandeur, dignity and distinction of which we are so justly proud. No town in the State is so favorably located, and to verify this broad statement we will quote from an exchange, whose editor traveled through our State with only a view to satisfy himself if half he had heard and read of Kansas was true. In speaking of our city and vicinity he says:
   "The traveler is particularly struck with the beautiful country around St. Marys. In the Kansas Valley, on the Kansas Pacific Railway, twenty five miles west from Topeka, surrounded by some of the best bottom and uplands to be found west of the Mississippi. The city and country around is settled by a thriving and industrious class, who are rapidly redeeming the time and the land. The location of St. Marys in the center of the celebrated Pottawatomie reservation, renders the trade of a goodly portion of four counties tributary to it. The magnificent valley of Mill Creek stretches away to the southwest, which, with a great bend in the Kansas river, gives a large proportion of bottom and timber lands, and with plenty of good water makes this a most desirable locality for the settler. The secenery, with its variety of timber, prairie and upland slopes, the fruit orchards and the rivers is unsurpassed in Kansas."
   With the above hasty review of of (sic) the past history of St. Marys we will now proceed to look at its public institutions, schools, churches the present business - professional and business men; although our want of space will admit of but a limited mention in each individual case, or business enterprise. We will begin with the

The College is a most elegant structure, built of brick, - by our esteemed citizen Mr. M. Ward - and is four stories high; standing in the East part of the city, and surrounded with all the buildings, shops, studies etc., forms quite a village; while the grounds are beautifully laid out and adorned with shrubbery, evergreens and various rare and costly plants. The building was erected at a cost of $100,000, and is finish-(sic) and furnished in the most approved modern style. Rev. F. H. Stuntebeck, is conceded by all to stand pre-eminently at the head of his class as an educator, and is a man of great executive ability, as the workings of the institution from day to day and from year to year, plainly prove; for never is there anything else than the utmost harmony, system, regularity and precision, prevailining (sic). The faculty consists of ten or twelve professors, and teachers of music, languages etc., of course including every branch to be taught to educate from the primary to the classics. The attendance, from all parts of the country is annually large and includes students from every State in the Union. While the home attendance by day students is almost universal. The terms of tuition are - for the session of ten months, from September lst, to June 30th, of each year - $150, for boarders, and $3,00 per month for day scholars. In the case of the boarder, the above tuition fees cover all - board, rooms, washing, medical attendance, etc. There is no institution of learning in all the West, in which the tuition charges are not at least double, compared to those of ours, where the same attention and instruction are received by the students. The Academy or Convent for the education of young ladies, stands near, and is the counterpart of the college, in buildings, surrounding and educational advantages. The instutution is presided over exclusively by ladies, under the direction of the "Mother Superioress." The health, comfort and advancement is watched over with the most zealous care. The tuition is $85,00 for five months, session, or $170, for a full term of ten months. This includes, board, books, washing and rooms. Day pupils are admitted for $15,00 per session. We will now cross the street and look at the large stone

built in 1873, by the congregation here presided over by Rev. Father Kuppens. The buildings is a magnificent structure, and is said to be the largest in the State excepting the Cathedral at Leavenworth. We do not know the cost of its erection but is must have taken a very large sum of money, as everything about the edifice is of the most elaborate finish and costly work and material. The congregation is large - numbering at least 1000 souls - and wealthy, and is scattered over our broad valleys and boundless prairies for miles around. Father Kuppens cares for the spiritual want of his vast flock unceasingly; going hither and thither day or night, far and near; saying, and doing good wherever he goes, and never - unless from sickness - failing to celebrate Mass, and preach on each Sabbath, several times. He is greatly beloved by his entire congregation, and no pastor before him, or any yet to come, has or ever can fill his place in doing good and building up a church or wielding an influence over a christian people. The

presided over by Rev. L. M. Scribner, is a two story structure on the main avenue of the city, and was formerly used, we believe, for a store house or saloon - if the latter, a happy change. The room in which services are held, is not large, but neatly furnished. The congregation is small - not exceeding twenty actual members, and financially is in very moderate circumstances. Rev. Scribner, is an able minister, and has labored long and faithfully for the upbuilding of his little church and notwithstanding the discouraging past is in high hopes for the near future. He lives in the city; giving the greater portion of his time to study during the week, and on each Sunday preaches for the congregaton at Maple Hill, at 11 a. m. and here in the evening. He is a man highly respected, and acknowledged by all to be an honest, faithful christian worker. A large and well attended Sabbath School, is held, each Sabath in the church building, of which Mr. O. Le Roy Sedgwick is Superintendant. The new

of which we spoke at length, last week, is now used for services each Sabbath; Rev. Shellene, presiding. The members are nearly or quite all Swedes, and we believe the services are held in the Swedish language. The church is in a prosperous condition and is destined to become one of the wealthy institutions of our city.

at this time have no church building, and the congregation is small; presided over by Rev. Holland, residing in Rossville, who preaches on each alternate Sabbath, to his little flock, in the Public School House. The society conducts a Sabbath School, of which Mr. N. Foy, is the efficient Superintendent. At this time a protracted meeting is being held by the Church, in which a deep interest is manifested.

building is a neat and commodious structure, situated upon the bluffs overlooking the city. The district has been organized, for at least eight years, and during that time, each year a ten months school has been taught; with a fair attendence. Mr. W. J. Sullivan, has presided as teacher for the past three or four years; giving full satisfaction. Mr. S. is a ripe scholar and ranks among the leading teachers of the county; holding a No, 1, certificate. Financially the district is in a flourishing, condition, having money in the treasury and, out of debt. P. H. McHale, is director, J. I. Jenner, treasurer and A. J. Beakey, clerk, all god careful officers that look well to the public interest.

or Council room, is a substantial stone building, located on 5th street, in the southern part of town. The front room of the building is used for a Council Chamber and the Police Judge's office. Within there are two well secured stone cells for the confinement of prisoners awaiting trail. The hall is in charge of H, A. McCartney, city Marshal, who properly cares for it and its unfortunate inmates. For a correct list of our city offices, see official directory.

The large steam flour mill, in the south part of the city was erected in 1870, by P, H. McHale and M. Kelly, who ran it successfully for some years, after which it was rented to Plamondon & Thompson, by which firm it was run for a while, when Mr. Thompson sold out to Plomando, who still operates it and is doing an extensive business. The mill is one of the best in the country and its best brands of flour are not surpassed, and hardly equalled, in the state. A corn sheller, run by steam is attached to the mill, and does a "rattling good business."

The Kansas Pacific R. R. Company has erected in the city, a handsome and commodious passenger and freight depot; provided with a comfortable waiting room, offices etc. The building is in charge of Mr. J. S. Walker, Ticket; Express agent and Telegraph operator. An immense amount of business, is done in the course of the year, at the depot, in receiving, freight, shipping grain and stock to say nothing of the Express and passenger traffic. Mr. Ed. Johnson is employed as a clerk in the office; is attentive to business, kind and obliging to the public, while we believe he gives full satisfaction to his employer.

under the care of Dr. S. P. Angle, is quite an extensive affair, and ranks among the best paying in the county. The business is large and steadly on the increase. It was made a money order office two years ago and the records will show that many thousands of dollars have passed through the mails, to and from it, since that time. A regular mail East and West is received and sent every day of the week, while a way mail across the country to Holton is recieved and sent three times a week. Miss Ella Angle, is employed as a clerk in the office and is attentive to business, and obliging to her many callers. The present arrangement for the general letter delivery, and access to boxes by owners, is bad and causes much annoyance; while on the arrival of mails the small space allowed for the public, is taken up by boys, and loungers - who never receive or send mail - to the infinite disgust of business men who are often compelled to wait patiently and long for their mail. In time we believe the Postmaster will remedy those evils, and make the office conform to the needs and wants of the people, instead of having them to conform to its present cramped and inconvenient arrangement. Having now glanced at the different institutions of our city having more or less a public character, we will briefly go over the busines of the town, its professional craft and personal mention. To begin with we will look at the

under which head we include merchants carrying a general stock. Taking them alphabetically we find

Mr. Beakey come to St. Marys about the year 1870, from St. Louis, where he had been engaged in the mercantile business with his father, from boyhood. Upon his arrival, here he opened out a large stock of goods, embracing, dry goods, groceries, hardware agricultural implements etc., and has done an extensive business. He built a large and commodious store house on the Avenue that is filled with goods the year round. In connection with his business is a tin-shop under the supervision of Mr. J. P. Duffy, an excellent workman, who keeps the house always well supplied with every article of tin ware of superior manufacture. Mr. Beakey's large stone residence on Mission street is one of the finest and best furnished homes in the city. Next under this head comes,

general dealers in merchandise making ready made clothes and dry goods a specilty. They occupy the two story brick front, oppostie the depot, and do an extensive business. A branch store in Newbury, is in charge of Mr. Goldstandt while Mr. Cohen, atttends to the business here, assisted by Mr. A. Goldstandt.

comes next. Mr. H. came to our city about a year ago, from Wamego, where he had been in business with Mr. Hosse, of that place. On his arrival here he opened up a heavy stock of dry goods and groceries in the old Siegwart stand on the Avenue. Mr. Hagner is doing a big business; is a careful, accommodating merchant, and has gained the good will and esteem of all who patronize him.

General Merchants, do an extensive business, in the Dry Goods and Grocery trade. Mr. Geo. Mohler has been a resident and doing busines in the city for seven or eight years, coming here form Pennsylvania, we believe without capital and a "stranger in a strange land," but by his untiring perseverance, steady industry and straightforward dealings, has gradually grown up from the penniless boy to be one of the leading and most substantial merchants in the city. Two years ago he married a most estimable wife and now occupies one of the most comfortable, cozy little homes immaginable. Mr. Pool, we believe in former days was a citizen of St. Marys, and removed to Topeka, where he was engaged by the King Bridge Company, but like many others before him; he would come back, and on doing so entered into partnership with Mr. Mohler, forming the present firm. Their house is filled to repletion with everything that a customer could call for, and their trade is co-extensive with the country around. They deal in grain extensively; paying good prices for all they handle. Mr. Levi Mohler, a brother of George's is employed as a clerk and attending to the grain business; the three men are kept constantly busy from morning till night, with their many customers.

conducts three large and distinct stores, although the buildings stand side by-side. The first is an extensive room filled on one side with Drugs, and on the other with groceries, notions, books, stationery etc., all being presided over by Mr. Wm. Schlimm, a most agreeable and accommodating gentleman. Adjoing this on the West, is the Dry Goods room, filled from floor to ceiling, with a most complete assortment of goods; embracing a fine display of millinery goods. At the head of the Dry goods department stands Mr. Ed Flinn, who has a host of friends, and is an edicient and courteous salesman; while Mrs. O'Flanagan looks after the ladie's wants in the millinery line. Next door west is the hardware store; piled full up stairs and down, with everything pertaining to the trade, from a box of tacks to a cooking stove breaking plow or a two horse wagon. Mr. Frank Siebert attends to this branch of the business, and being a tinner, turns out many articles of tinware with which the store is well supplied. Had we space, we would like to "write John Up," - we mean individually - for he has interessing history, having been a newspaper man; a politician, an office holder, a soldier, a farmer and now a prosperous merchant. This bit of history we will give at some future day, when more time and space is at our disposal.

comes next, with a big house full of drugs, dry good, groceries, hats, shoes, etc. The building is on the avenue, next to the post office, and is classed among the most extensive business houses in the county; doing annually an immense business. Dr. Palmer, is one of our most weathy and highly esteemed citizens; having been a resident of our town, and county for thirty years, during which time figured very conspicuously in the political history of the State; being, we believe, a delegate to most all of the Free State Conventions - in the days that "tried man's souls" - also, a delegate to the first constitutional convention. He represented this and Jackson county in the State Senate in 1873 and 1874, and has held many minor positions of honor and trust. At this time he is in Washington City, attending to the claims of the Pottawatomies against the General Government; his family resides at their elegant residence in the city. Mr. Reddick, manages the business, with the assistance of W. H. True, as clerk, and is classed among the most thorough doing business men in the city. He was formerly from Illinois; is a single man and one of the most highly respected and exemplory young men in the city.

house may yet be classed under the head of general merchandising establishment; although he is confining himself exclusively to the dry goods and clothing trade. We can hardly improve upon our notice of his business, of last week. He carries the largest stock in the city, and occupies the largest, finest and most complete store building in the county. He came from Lawrence here, eight or nine years ago, bringing capital sufficient to carry on an extensive trade which he has done; growing rich and prosperous.

only dealing in dry goods, notions, boots, shoes, hats, gloves &c.(sic), his store is in the postoffice building, with a full stock, of goods of the class he carries. Mr. B., came from York State here, six or seven years ago and has been engaged in farming, stock raising and handling stock. He served two and a half years as Justice of the Peace, and did a great amount of business while in the office, to the full satisfaction of the people. He has been in the mercantile arena but a short time; notwithstanding, he does a good business, and is fast building up a large and lucrative trade.

We have no houses dealing exclusively in Groceries. All the merchants - except Mr. Buell - handle them in connection with their dry goods business.

Neither have we an exclusive Drug Store. Parmer (sic) & Reddick, and O'Flanagan, carry large stocks combined with their general business.

Under this head we find

neat establishment, having connected with it a confectionery department, well stocked. Bill serves up good "square meals!" fresh oysters, bread, pies, cakes, etc., in good style. He is an old resident of the city and enjoys a good patronage.

lately from Leavenworth, keeps a first class restaurant, bakery and confection store, in the old Barth stand. He keeps boarders and enjoys a good patronage.

at this time we have but the one; that of

at the old stand on the avenue Mr. Larocque has been engaged in the business here for a number of years. Several parties have attempted to start in the business, during this time, but have either failed for the want of patronage or been bought out by Mr. L. Notwithstanding his monopoly of the business, he is accommodating, and is always prepared to supply every demand.

We have at this time three good hotels, in the city. The

kept by Mrs. O. Bertrand, at the east end of the Avenue, is one of the most cozy, retired and homelike retreats for the weary traveler, in the State. Everything about the house is first class. The house commands a State-wide reputation, and under the superior management of its kind, proprietoress becomes daily more popular with the traveling public.

stands near the depot, and from its central location, has enjoyed an extensive patronage. Mine host, friend Meister, is a genial landlord, and his house is classed one among the best.

at the West end of the avenue, presided over by Jas. Downing and his estimable lady, is the popular boarding place for our homeless business men; besides the house enjoys a good transient patronage.

We have but one house dealing exclusively in boots and shoes, hats, caps, gloves etc, that of

He has been engaged in the business for a number of years, in the city, and has enjoyed a large and lucrative trade. His house is on the avenue, and is immensly stocked with goods of the best manufactures and latest styles. He employs from two to three workmen all the time, his own manufacture being in great demand and giving full satisfaction.

In this branch of business we find employed

on the corner of 6th, street and the avenue. The boys have been in the business for a number of years, and their work is found upon almost every farm for miles around. They are both practical workman and are always found in their shop busy at the bench. Their place of business is filled with stock and manufactured goods, of their own make; saddles, harness, collars, halters, blankets, bridals and whips, are in in (sic) endless quantity and variety; while their prices are as low as the same goods can be bought for in Topeka.

carries on the harness business in the old Peak Hall, and seems to be doing a good business. He has been in our city but a few months; coming here from Lawrence, but his work is pronounced extra good and his trade is steadily growing. His son Jno. McCormick, attends to the business and is a quite exemplary young man, fast gaining friends and patrons.

Under this head we have but two mentions to make. First, is that of

who we believe is the pioneer dealer, in his line in the city. Coming here from Leavenworth years ago, he engaged in the business and has successfully conducted it since. His stock is the largest in the county and consists of everything pertaining to the trade. Mack is counted one of our most wealthy and successful business men; enjoying the confidence and esteem of all our people.

carries on the business on Sixth street near the depot. His yard is stocked with all the kinds of lumber the needs of the county demand, and his trade is large and daily increasing.

The only exclusive furniture, establishment in the city is

next door to Mohler and Pool's store, on the avenue. Here we find a stock of all kinds of furniture, second to none in the country; both eastern work and home manfacture. The proprietors are skilled in their trade and turn out some superior work.

To begin with under this head, we will look into

shop on the corner of 5th street and the avenue. Not only is blacksmithing done here, but wagon making is carried on pretty extensively. Mr. Seeger being a find wood workman, turns out some splendid wagons, buggies &c. Mr. H. Stalker and Jas. Wilson do the blacksmithing and are good workmen. The shop does an immense business and enjoys a wide reputation.

carries on blacksmithing near the Railroad on 7th street, and is classed among our best workmen. He also manufactures, wagons, buggies etc. and does a paying business.

Many of our merchants keep good assortments of jewerly, but we have only one shop for repairing or manufacturing such goods; it is that of

in the postoffice building, where watches, clocks and jewerly of all kinds are repaired and many articles of Jewerly are made from gold or silver. M., is a fine workman and a skillful engraver.

This business like many others must have competition; and so it has with us.

conducts a shop in a back room, adjoining his restaurant. He is a good barber and his custom is large.

lately from Cincinnati Ohio, has opened up a first class shop, in the Union restaurant building, on the avenue, and is doing a fair business.

At this time we have but one, the large stable of

on 6th street. John has conducted the business - in connection with farming - for several years, in our city, and perhaps is better prepared to carry on the business than any other man in the county, from the the (sic) fact that he has from 50 to 60 head of good horses and a barn full of vehicles of all kinds. He thoroughly understands his business and is said to be one of the best horsemen in the Reserve. His patronage is large and as our city grows his business will prove a mile of wealth. He owns a good farm or two near town and is one of our most substantial citizens.

Under this head we hardly know who to mention, as it seems that almost every merchant in town, is trafficking more or less in the article; however,

are making a speciality of the business and going a heavy trade. They are both young men, lately from New York City; reported to have large capital to draw upon and are paying top prices. Daily the streets are crowded with teams, weighing unloading in the cars, filling up their cribs or Warehouse. They are genial, courteous and accommodating in their dealings and are fast making many warm friends; beside are scattering throughout the county large sums of money. They make Mohler & Pool's store their headquarters.

also, a new comer among us is extensively engaged in the grain trade; buying and shipping steadily. Mr. C., has, of late years, been agent for the Moline Plow Company, traveling through the West, and settled upon our city as a preferable place to locate and engage in business, and will, in a short time, open up an extensive hardware store, in the Caplice building. The business will be conducted under the firm name of Bush & Carlton. Mr. C's., headquarters are at present at Mr. Beakey's store.

We have but two regular land offices in the city, although there are others dealing in land. The first of these is

whose office is in the brick front opposite the depot. Mr. Young came from Alma - where he had been engaged in the business - to our city some months ago, and at once opened an office and entered upon his duties; meeting with gratifying success. He is a man of large experience and practical knowledge of men, land and the country he operates in. He is a quite unassuming gentleman; strickly honest and fair in his dealings and, will loose a sale rather than misrepresent facts; in short is a man in whom strangers coming to the country can place every confidence in. His patronage is large and increasing daily, and most of the really valuable and desirable private lands that are for sale; in the Reserve, are in his hands. The company part of the firm is Mr. D. F. Easton a long resident of our city and one of the best informed men as to lands, titles, etc., we have among us to day - unless we except R. R. Bertrand. The company will soon issue from the CHIEF office, 10,000 real estate papers, for distribution through out the Eastern States, which clarely proves that they are not afraid of advertising.

Once the real estate king of the Reserve, is driving ahead, and we believe is doing a good business. He is resident agent for Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe lands, he keeps his own teams to show land, owns a complete set of abstract of title books and is not afraid of printers ink. He has opened a branch office in Topeka, to which he devotes a greater portion of his time. Miss Fannie Angle, A. J. Palmer and Chas. Ullerich are employed in his office.

Every city, of no matter what size, must have its newspaper, but we are more of a metropolis than most other small frys around us, we have two. The

was started, by the writer and its present publisher, on the 12th of December, 1874, and published with more or less success, by the same parties for two years, when we stepped down from the tripod and engaged to do the mechanical work on the paper, leaving Mr. Sedgwick to furnish the brains. In this way it was run for one year, and we tiring of inactivity, and longing for fresher fields and greener pastures, concluded to throw up our situation and start a new paper, hence the

of which, this is the second number, and all we have to say about it is this connection is to read it carefully and then subscribe.

Not only are we blessed with muscle and wealth in trade, but we are brainy. Among the professionals first to be mentioned are

a physician of long and successful practic. He has been located in our city for years and is one of our most substantial citizens; owning much valuable property in the city. As a physician he enjoys the public confidence and commands a large practice. His office is on the avenue next door to Palmer and Reddick's store.

recently from Wamego, practices medicine in the city, with an office over Scrugg's restaurant. He is a young man of finished education and seems to be doing a fair buisness.

While our partner is away; we have concluded to "write him up;" among the rest. He is one of our oldest citizens - having erected the first house in the present town site of St. Marys.
   We have other physicians, though not now engaged in active practice. Among them are Dr. L. R. Palmer, Dr. S. P. Angle and Dr. Mower, lately from Pennsylvania.

Standing at the head of this class, in our city is

a practicing attorney in our local, and the district Courts. He has been in the city a number of years and extensively engaged in business, filling the position of Railroad agent, farming and stock raising besides his law practice. He is well versed in the law, a good talker and withal is a ripe schalar. He is at present Police Judge.

as a collector is said to "have few superiors in the county," and makes this branch of business a specialty. He practices law with good success in our city courts and the district court. His office is next door to Scrugg's restaurant on the avenue. Mr. H., has resided in the city for a number of years, and has been honored with almost every local office in - the gift of the people; being now one of our best councilmen.

is a young lawyer, of bright intellect and good training. His office is located near the Union House, where he holdsforth and in connection with his law business, deals in real estate. He practices in all the courts.

is the oldest lawyer, both in years and practice we have. He was formerly from Ohio, where we believe he was associated at one time in the profession, with Chief Justice Waite. He has served as Justice of the Peace in our city, and practices in all the local courts.

We have in the city three saloons, each paying a revenue to the corporation of $375. The "Harp of Erin" is kept by

on the cornor of 5th street and the avenue. The house is a quiet resort, well conducted and Jim has many friends in the city.

keeps on the avenue oppostie the depot. This is a popular saloon of the city, and is conducted under the strictest rules of propriety. The best brands of whiskies, brandies, wines and beer are found on the counters. O'Kane is a genial and wholesouled an Irishman as ever stood behind a bar, and counts his friends in town and out of it by the score. He is doing an extensive business, and keeps the best house in the county.

still runs the old saloon oppostie the stock yard and enjoys his old trade and popularity.
   Now, kind reader we have been all over our busy little city together - that is if you have followed us from the start. We have been in every nook and corner; prying into other people's buisness to see what they were doing, and in attempting to tell of it we have tried to be fair, candid and truthful; leaving none that we could find unnoticed, and aiming in every instance to be impartial and just. If we have neglected one single buisness, trade or profession, it must be obscure and conducted on the sly; if we have said too much or too little of any business trade or profession, we ask pardon; and in granting it, remember, that the task has been a long one, a hard one and one for which we expect no other thanks or remuneration then kind words for the CHIEF wherever you go. Tired and weary - 'tis two o'clock at night - we wish each and every one of you a happy pleasant and prosperous New Year.

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